India was a slave to an Imperial power that had been ruling her for the past two hundred years, economically ruining and bankrupting her and taking her people and culture to the path of destruction
WW2 was an opportunity of India to emerge from the shadows and claim her rightful place in the world, her independence from the foreign tyranny and oppression
Congress was loathe to use that opportunity largely because of the pacifist stance of Gandhi and convoluted and often morbid thought processes of its leaders most of had no inkling of international diplomacy and statesmanship, not even Nehru
It was only Subhas Chandra Bose who had the courage and audacity to challenge the full might of the British Empire because he was passionate about unshackling his mother land. You knew that economic ruin and depravity awaited India post WW2 as British and European colonial powers would extract full pound of flesh during and after the war. He was prophetic. The Bengal famines, that killed almost 3 million people by a conservative estimate, was ‘Churchill's secret war’, it was the worst form of economic holocaust that was ever perpetrated on any nation. India would have suffered more post world war had it been continuing under British rule
Subhas did not find any alternative to continue his fight within India. He had to strike British empire at the roots from outside. In India he would be forever doomed to be either rot in a British prison or be killed. He had no confidence on Gandhi or the Congress to carry out another mass movement after the Tripuri congress betrayal. Therefore Subhas had to escape from India, through a daredevil attempt and he succeeded
Subhas at first sought the help of Russia. He thought he would get sympathy from Russia but Stalin who had been given false information about him by Indian communists was in no mood to help him. According to the Soviets Subhas was a British spy, he had no place among them
Subhas had explored Japan’s help in 1939. But Japan had no interest in India. It had merely looked upon India as a strategic tool to weaken the British grip on the colonies in Asia. Japan was too weary after the China experience and she knew that Congress and Indian masses were not in sympathy with her. The Mutaguchi plan of attacking Imphal was gathering dust in a corner of the Tojo’s office
Hitler’s Germany, that had by then launched the world war, was a natural choice as Germany was the enemy of Britain. Mussolini's Italy was also in sympathy with Indian cause and it was Italy that finally helped Subhas to escape Kabul and reach Berlin via Moscow
In Berlin Subhas’s only friend was the India office set up under von Trott. Adam Von Trott was not a Nazi. In fact he was involved later in the conspiracy of assassinating Hitler in 1944. Von Trott helped Bose in getting a rank and position and also sheltered him from the hard liner Nazis. He was well aware of India and her problems, unlike Hitler who was in favour of forging solidarity among the Nordic races and possessed a biased view about Indians, coloured by racial prejudice.
Subhas Bose's plan of action in Kabul had been to initiate a revolution by establishing a Government of Free India in Europe and large scale sabotage activities by the Indian revolutionaries to impede Britain's war effort. He had discussed with Quaroni about this plan. This had resonated well with the "Operation Tiger", Germany's plan to foment a rebellion in Kabul and thus unsettle British rule in India. On April 9, Bose sent a detailed report to the German Government with a vision of the work required to be done in Europe, Afghanistan, Tribal territories and India. He also outlined the geopolitical activities that are needed in order to effectively work out the plan - for instance the material support from Japan in the last stages, destruction of Singapore base of Britain, agreement between Soviet Union and Japan and a settlement with China to enable Japan to move against Britain in South East Asia. However his meeting with Ribbentrop on April 29 in the Imperial Hotel in Vienna was a disappointment. German Government informed him that his plan could not be accepted. Subhas met Mussolini in Rome but count Ciano was opposed to him. Hitler avoided meeting Subhas atleast until May 27 1942. Despite Subhas’s advice Germany attacked Russia and with that all hopes of Subhas of launching a frontal attack of Indian Legion through Afghanistan was dashed. The campaign of Erwin Rommel was doomed. When finally Subhas met Hitler, Hitler told him in no uncertain term that Germany and India were too far situated for him to be engaged in India. There was no hope for Subhas in Germany.
In the East Rashbehari Bose, who had harboured a long cherished dream of freeing India and had made a daring attempt in 1914 of fomenting a rebellion in the barracks of Indian soldiers and had to escape to Japan after the attempt failed owing to betrayals, had developed an army of Indian pow, the Indian National Army after the British surrender in Malaya and Singapore with the help of the Japanese Army HQ. But internal dissensions rendered that army defunct. Rashbehari, as the president of Indian Independence League now invited Subhas to come and take over the army and launch an attack on India from the east. Germany and Italy could not give a safe passage and Bose had to wait for another year before German foreign office would be able to collaborate with Japan and help him
On reaching Tokyo after the dangerous submarine journey via Madagascar, Subhas waited for a while to get an appointment with Tojo who still did not have any plan about India. But after meeting Subhas Tojo’s attitude completely changed. He was committed to help Subhas to free India from the British rule as Japan had brought an end to all European colonies in Asia and was committed to “Asia for Asians.”
After taking the charge of the INA Subhas reorganized it, enthused the Indian community in South east Asia, gathered funds, met all the key leaders of the Asia, esp. the allies of Japan and spent a lot of time and effort in forming the Azad Hind Provincial Government and the Army. In just six months he transformed the army into a fighting force, created a well functioning Government from a foreign soil and had become much headache for Britain. His task was Herculean and he was determined. Despite their initial assurances there was little help from Japan in terms of material and equipment and Subhas largely raised his own resources for the Government from the contributions of Indian community. He had paid back the loan of the German government towards India office and Indian Legion as promised by him. He now focused on liberating India by an attack from Burma front. Mutaguchi plan was taken out of shelf and despite opposition from a section of the Japanese army and the snobbish attitude of the Hikari Kikan Generals, Subhas got unstinting support from Field Marshall Terauchi and his office
The attack on the Indian soil was largely led by a full division of INA comprising of twenty thousand or more soldiers and volunteers who had decimated the British forces in Arakan, in Haka Falam, in Kohima and in the Bishnupur sectors. An early onset of Monsoon, a disastrous Japanese military plan, a failed supply chain and absence of air power dashed Subhas’s hope to march to Delhi but the damage was done to the British empire. British, won their most decisive, most difficult battle in the WW-2, thanks to the American airpower and monsoon, but they lost the war. The British Indian Army, their mainstay behind empire, had crumbled, and with that, any hope of their continuing with the empire and colonies
Yes, it was Subhas Bose who single handedly destroyed British empire, the Japanese were merely supporters and Germany was nowhere in the picture other than providing some tempory help. It was the single point determination of one man that had destroyed the edifice of a two hundred year old empire that was weakened by its own oppression and misdeeds.