Lala Hardayal was born in Delhi in 1884 and was educated from the St. Stephen's College. He graduated from Punjab University and was awarded a scholarship in the Government College, Lahore. He stood first in M.A in English Literature and was given a state scholarship of pound 200 a year by the Government of India. He entered St. John's college in Oxford in 1905. In 1907 he quit his studies and was associated with Shyamji Krishna Varma. Hardayal had differences of opinion with Shyamji and he arrived in America in 1911. He was appointed as a lecturer in Indian philosophy in the Stanford University. He was dismissed from Stanford University on grounds of his involvement in revolutionary activities. He then toured extensively and addressed public meetings with Indians. Wherever Hardayal went he attracted large crowds. In a short time a considerable amount of fund was collected. Pacific Coast Hindusthani Association was formed. The main activities of the Ghadar party were the publication of various propaganda materials including a weekly journal called Ghadar. Ghadar pointed out to every Indian that they were not respected because they were not free. Also it published a list of atrocities committed by the British Government. Ghadar was very popular. A new immigration policy was formulated by the Government of America that made it impossible for the Indians to live in America. British Government did not help the Indians in distress. American Government colluded with the British Government to declare Hardayal as a dangerous criminal and served him with an arrest warrant. Hardayal received bail and left United States to Geneva in Switzerland. He edited a paper there called Bande Mataram.