In the Royal Institute of International Affairs in London (Charter House), in January 1938, where he addressed a meeting, Subhas met Lord Halifax. Director of the Charter House Prof. Arnold Toynbee presided over the meeting. He also met Bertrand Russell in Oxford at midnight and they spoke throughout the night. Russell told Subhas that Stalin was much more cruel person than Hitler. Amiya Nath Bose was also present during that meeting.